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keeping bread

نگهداری نان

Like most food, it spoils and does not stay fresh for a long time and becomes stale. That’s why it is very important to keep all kinds of bread, which costs a lot of money to produce and is an important source of food.

The difference between fresh bread and stale bread

fresh bread

In its simplest form, bread is made from some flour, water, yeast and some salt. A paste is prepared from these materials, which will be soft and flexible and will change shape easily. In the cooking process, heat causes the structure of proteins to change and the starches in the dough become gelatinized. Water, which is one of the ingredients of the dough, is spread evenly throughout the dough before baking, but it is no longer the case after baking. In other words, the top of the bread is crispier, which means it has less water. In addition, cooking changes the flavors. In other words, the reaction of sugars and proteins in the cooking process both creates flavor and browns the bread.

After this process, if the bread is well cooked and the core is cooked, it will not become stale quickly and it will smell good. Also, the dough is not bulky and does not stretch.

Almost from the first hours, the bread gradually loses its toastiness and crispness, and after twenty to thirty hours, the bread has become stale, and there have been changes in its taste, texture, and color. This staleness is both in the core of the bread and in the top of the bread.

All of these, which are known as staleness, cannot be avoided or prevented in environmental conditions, even the physical and chemical mechanisms of this phenomenon are not properly understood, and it can be very harmful and damaging for producers and consumers.

During the process of bread becoming stale, some of the physical characteristics of bread change, such as:

  • The flavor of the bread decreases and a dry taste develops in the bread.
  • The bread becomes hard and brittle.
  • Bread crumbles easily.

Effective factors in the staleness of bread

as you know; Many factors are effective in the process of bread becoming stale. For example, it can be said that even wheat and flour producers have a share in this process. Thus, if the quality of wheat is low, the flour will be of poor quality and this chain will continue until the production of poor quality bread. The lower the quality of the bread, the sooner the bread becomes stale.

When baking bread, if the scientific tips are not followed correctly, the bread produced will be of poor quality and this is effective in staleness. For example, if the bread dough does not have the right consistency and is more or less than the limit, the dough is not well mixed, the gluten in the dough is not well hydrated, and such things all play a role in the production of low-quality bread.

One of the points that accelerates the staleness of bread is the moisture content of the bread. The more moisture the bread has after baking, the sooner it becomes stale, that’s why completely dry bread has a longer life and becomes stale very late.

To these items, the main components of bread and its additives, the stages of bread production such as fermentation, mixing, and baking methods can be added. And finally, we should mention the way of keeping bread as one of the important causes of bread becoming stale, which we will explain below.

Ways to keep all types of bread fresh

Method of short-term preservation of bread

Bread can be stored outside the refrigerator for up to two days, but it is better to consider some tips for storing it in environmental conditions.

For example, the bread that is supposed to be stored outside the refrigerator should be in the amount of daily consumption. The bread should be placed in a cool and dry place because, as mentioned, moisture makes the bread stale. Even if your home is very humid, it is not suitable to store bread outside the refrigerator.

After buying bread, be patient so that you can take better bread home with you and avoid wasting money. In this way, do not put the hot bread on top of each other. Wait for the bread to cool down. High heat makes the bread soft and doughy and changes its structure and can even make the bread susceptible to mold. Do not put the bread in nylon bags before it is dry and cool, and bring cotton cloths to carry the bread home.

At home, after the bread has cooled down, cut them into pieces and put them in closed nylon bags. Close the bag tightly so that air does not enter it and be careful not to expose the bag to sunlight.

The temperature of the kitchen environment can be a suitable temperature for keeping bread, also special containers for keeping bread or bread containers that have been used in the past are also suitable for keeping bread. Be careful to close the container well so that the air causes mold. Don’t eat your bread.
You can do one more thing. If you want to keep the bread at ambient temperature, you can put it in aluminum foils and leave it in a dry and cool environment.

Method of storage in the refrigerator

Almost all of us think that bread that is stored in the refrigerator lasts longer and becomes stale later. But this belief is wrong. In fact, the cold of four degrees of the refrigerator accelerates the process of becoming stale. But with all this, many of us prefer to keep the bread in the refrigerator, so it is better to put the bread in a cotton cloth and then put it in the refrigerator, in this way you have slowed down the staleness process of the bread and the bread does not get moldy.

Method of long-term preservation of bread

The best way to store bread for a long time is to freeze it because it suspends the process of bread going stale.

How to store bread in the freezer

The negative temperature of ten to four degrees of the freezer is the best way to prevent bread from becoming stale. This temperature freezes the moisture in the bread and does not let the bread go stale. Humidity in the natural state

It is exchanged between protein and starch molecules and crystallized.

After you take the bread out of the freezer, the moisture of the bread returns to liquid form and the bread takes on a new state. By taking the bread out of the freezer, the frozen water in its texture returns to the liquid state and it takes on a fresh state. take

Wait until the bread is completely dry before you freeze it. Then divide the bread into pieces suitable for your daily consumption and put it in a clean bag.

It is better to completely remove the air inside the bag. The flow of air inside the plastic makes the part of the bread that was exposed to this air harden and change its color and become white.

Defrosting bread

If you keep the bread in the freezer, you need to defrost it to use it again. The best way to defrost bread is at room temperature. Just take the bread out of the bag and put it on a plate and let it stay at room temperature and it will gradually return to its natural and soft texture.

Defrosting bread with a microwave

If you don’t have enough time to defrost the bread, you can use the microwave. Usually, thin breads need fifteen seconds and thicker breads thirty seconds to defrost.

Defrosting bread with oven

The oven can also replace the microwave. 175 degrees can be the right degree to heat up your bread in a few minutes.

The important point in defrosting bread is that you have to heat it once, because the next time the bread becomes stale and tastes bad, take it out of the freezer as much as you need.

How to store dry bread

In many villages or among nomads, due to the lack of access to a refrigerator, bread is dried for long-term storage. For this, the bread is placed under the sun. This makes the water inside the bread texture dry. According to the previous statements, water crystallizes between sugar and protein molecules in a natural state and causes staleness and mold.

Keeping different types of bread fresh

barbarism

Berber bread is one of those breads that taste as good and pleasant as the first day after defrosting and warming up a little. We suggest you place this in a warm heat source and defrost.

lavash

To defrost lavash bread, just take it out of the freezer and place it at room temperature until it becomes soft.

stone

Sangak bread has a more voluminous texture. So it is better to divide it into small parts before freezing it and then put it in nylon or aluminum foils in the freezer. It is better to defrost this bread with a heat source like Berber bread.

baguette

Baguette bread is better prepared for daily consumption and avoid long-term storage. But if you want to keep it, it is better to divide it into small pieces, separate the dough and freeze it in aluminum foils. Be aware that the baguette must be chilled like other breads. The heat of hot bread during packaging makes it doughy and prone to staleness.

You can use both the heat source and the ambient temperature to defrost the baguette bread.

The duration of bread storage in different environments

  • You can easily store frozen bread in the freezer for two to three months.
  • Bread gets moldier in the refrigerator, but it becomes stale within two days and it is better to freeze it.
  • It is better to use the bread in the outdoor or indoor environment within two days.

sadra Pokht Azerbaijan

If there is a shortfall in both stages of bread production and storage, great damage will be done to financial, environmental and human resources.

If in the field of bread production, changes are made in the formulation and production methods and bread is produced with standard quality, these losses will be significantly reduced. In this sense, upgrading bakeries to advanced machines will be a positive step in this field.

The expert engineers of Sadra Pokht Azerbaijan company, with years of experience and activity in the field of bread industry and production of all kinds of bakery machines, such as bakery rotary oven, three-meter rotary oven and restaurant rotary oven, install the automatic bread oven for free, while the personnel Sadra Pokht Company also provides training on how to use bakery machines to dear bakers.

In addition to creating a completely hygienic environment for baking lavash bread, baking Tufton bread, etc., these devices also promise customers excellent aroma and taste for baking high-quality bread.

The quality of baked breads is excellent and has a uniform texture.

FAQ

What bread should we buy?

Breads that use more bran in the preparation of its flour. These breads are called whole bread and their nutritional value is high. Breads such as Sangak and Barbari have more bran than other breads.

Can you carry bread on top of newspaper sheets?

no The transportation of newsprint is in such a way that the possibility of its contamination is very high, and the chemical compounds of newspaper ink can also be transferred to bread, which are harmful to the health of the consumer.

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